How to Eat Vegan in Mongolia (2023)

How to Eat Vegan in Mongolia (1)

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Mongolian Dishes Without the Meat!

Think Mongolian cuisine is nothing but mutton? Everything you know about Mongolian food is about to be turned on its head.

OK yes, it's true that, much like the cuisines of Bhutan and Tibet, the traditional Mongolian diet consists mainly of meat and dairy products. But these days, many Mongolians are changing their eating habits and expanding the limits of Mongolian cuisine.

And yes, it's absolutely possible to travel to Mongolia as a vegan. You can even enjoy lots of traditional Mongolian dishes in vegan versions!

In this article, I'll share the many vegan Mongolian dishes that I tasted during my three-week visit to the country.

These include dishes served in vegan restaurants in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, as well as dishes that our local guide Ulzii prepared for my husband Nick and I as we traveled with her around the country.

For more about that trip, see my article on the top things to do in Mongolia.

Mongolia: The Land of Mutton

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Mongolia, the land of big skies and lots and lots of sheep!

I had been dreaming of visiting Mongolia for more than a decade, but I was really dreading having to eat Mongolian food. And that was even before I was vegan!

Everyone I'd ever met who had been to Mongolia had told me how horrible the food was. Every single dish had mutton in it: mutton soup, mutton dumplings, mutton with rice, deep-fried mutton ... you get the picture.

Weary travelers complained that the smell of mutton permeated everything and was impossible to escape from. Even their clothes, bedsheets and pillowcases smelled of mutton.

I'm very happy to report that my travels in Mongolia were completely mutton-free. Apart from when visiting nomadic families in their gers, I didn't even have to smell it that often.

I certainly saw lots of sheep running around, though! The human population of Mongolia is just three million, while the population of animals raised for food is 12 times that.

You'll rarely, if ever, see a pig or a chicken here, though. The five main animals raised by Mongolian nomads are horses, camels, yaks, goats and sheep. Of these, by far the one most commonly eaten is the sheep.

Camels and yaks are used more for their milk, and goats are used for their wool (cashmere is a huge industry here). Horses are used for transport and racing and are deeply loved and revered, although nowadays it's also becoming more common to eat horse meat.

Even though Mongolia is a Buddhist country, Mongolian Buddhists, just like Tibetan Buddhists, generally do not practice vegetarianism.

Mongolian Food Culture

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Apart from a few root vegetables, not much produce can grow in Mongolia's climate.

Mongolia doesn't have a strong food culture, and local vegans have told me that this is one reason why they didn't find it so difficult to change their diet.

Food just doesn't carry as much importance here as it does in other countries. People eat food because they have to in order to survive, but they don't think that much about it.

On the one hand, this makes it easy for people to give up certain foods if they are not that culturally attached to them. On the other hand, they can be reluctant to spend a lot of time in the kitchen learning how to cook new things.

Mongolians generally make do with the ingredients they have, which in the case of nomadic herders is meat and dairy products and not much else, and they're OK with that.

It's the exact opposite of the situation across the border in China, where produce is available in abundance, there are street food vendors on every corner, and eating is seen as one of life's greatest pleasures.

And so, whereas Chinese cuisine contains hundreds if not thousands of different dishes, the number of authentically Mongolian dishes is probably in the single digits.

I say "probably", because it's hard to know what should be considered authentically Mongolian. A large percentage of the most popular dishes eaten in Mongolia originated in Russia or China, but they are now so common that they could be thought of as local dishes.

Mongolian Dining Customs

In restaurants, Mongolian dishes are divided into first courses and second courses. First courses are mostly soups served in a bowl, while second courses come on a plate.

But portions are rather large, so people typically order one course, not both. Lunch is the biggest and most important meal of the day, so at a catered function you'd often be served both a first and second course for lunch and one or the other for dinner.

Traditional Mongolian Dishes

Buuz (Бууз)

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Buuz, the Mongolian equivalent of fast food

These steamed Mongolian dumplings are the closest thing you'll find to fast food in Mongolia. International chains like McDonald's haven't made it here yet, but in Mongolian towns you'll find a buuz joint on just about every street.

(Video) My FIRST Vegan Meal & it was in Mongolia...

Buuz are round, similar in shape to xiao long bao (小笼包) in China, but with a thicker outer wrapping. On the inside, they are usually filled with mutton, but vegan restaurants in Ulaanbaatar serve veggie-filled versions.

Khushuur (Хуушуур)

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If you like fried empanadas, you will love khushuur.

Khushuur are made from the same dough as buuz. The difference is, while buuz are steamed, khushuur are deep-fried, leaving them golden and crispy on the outside.

They are formed into a pocket shape, kind of like empanadas in many Latin American countries. The traditional filling is mutton (this is going to be a running theme), but veggie versions are available at Loving Hut and Luna Blanca in Ulaanbaatar.

I was told by a local vegan that you can sometimes find veg-filled khushuur in mainstream restaurants too, but I didn't come across this myself.

Bansh (Банш)

Bansh are another type of dumpling, similar to buuz. The main difference is that they are much smaller than buuz, sometimes even small enough to be eaten in a single bite.

These dumplings are generally served in one of three ways: in soup, known as Banshtai Shol (Банштай Шол); in milk tea with rice, which is called Banshtai Tsai (Банштай Цай), or steamed, which in Mongolian is Jeegnesen Bansh (Жигнэсэн банш).

At Agnista, a vegan restaurant in Ulaanbaatar, I also had the chance to try fried dumplings, which in Mongolian are called Sharsan Bansh (Шарсан Банш). Apparently these are not really traditional, but they were delicious!

Bantan (Бантан)

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Bantan served up inside a Mongolian ger

This is a type of soup usually made with meat and small lumps of flour. It's considered to be a light meal, due to its relatively low fat content. That is, compared to the fatty mutton that makes up most Mongolian meals.

Bantan is often given to toddlers as their first solid food. When our tour guide Ulzii made bantan for us, she replaced the meat with textured vegetable protein (TVP) and lots of vegetables.

I had low expectations for this dish, but I loved it the way Ulzii made it! Watching her roll out the lumps of flour inside our ger in the Gobi desert is one of many fond memories I have of our Mongolia trip.

Gambir (Гамбир)

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Gambir takes peanut butter and jelly to a whole new level!

This is one of very few Mongolian dishes that is sometimes vegan in its traditional form, without any adaptations. The only other example I've come across of a naturally vegan Mongolian dish is boortsog, which we'll talk about later.

Gambir is basically a type of fried bread, made with just water, flour and sugar. The reason it's only sometimes vegan is that it can be fried in either oil or butter.

It's also sometimes called Бин (pronounced like "bean"). Gambir is often made when there's leftover dough after making a batch of buuz, khushuur or bansh.

The most common way to eat gambir is as a sweet pancake, topped with jam. While we sometimes ate it with peanut butter and jelly, I also enjoyed it with savory dishes like fried cabbage.

Guriltai Shul (Гурилтай Шѳл)

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Noodle soup seems to be a universal comfort food.

This is a typical noodle soup, which usually contains meat but can also be made without it. Different vegetables can be added as well, such as carrots, onions, potatoes and celery.

For Mongolians, this is classic comfort food and is the perfect thing to eat when you're feeling a bit under the weather. In local slang, it's sometimes referred to as lapsha.

You can find vegan versions of Guriltai Shul at Bosco Verde and at Luna Blanca in Ulaanbaatar. The latter offers the option of regular wheat noodles or somewhat healthier rye noodles.

Budaatai Shul (Будаатай Шѳл)

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This rice soup is hard to find in restaurants but is popular in Mongolian homes.

This is another popular soup in Mongolia. The difference between Guriltai Shul and Budaatai Shul is that the main ingredient in Guriltai Shul is noodles, while the main ingredient in Budaatai Shul is rice.

(Video) The Night Time is the Right Time for White Foods: MONGOLIAN VEGETARIAN MEAL | Khan's Kitchen

In addition to the rice, Budaatai Shul usually contains meat, potatoes, carrots, and perhaps some other vegetables.

It's commonly eaten in Mongolian homes but is not often seen on restaurant menus. Ulzii made it for us a few times during our trip together, and she added TVP and some dried spinach to increase the nutritional value.

Boortsog (Боорцог)

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Is it a cookie or a cake? You decide!

Speaking of nutrition, this next one on the list is definitely a special treat rather than a nutritional meal. It's also the second of the two items on this list that are already vegan without needing any adaptations.

Boortsog is a sweet made from deep fried dough and can be purchased ready-made in grocery stores throughout Mongolia. It falls somewhere in between a cake and a cookie, in terms of texture and softness.

Traditionally, boortsog are fried in mutton fat, but there are some accidentally vegan versions that are fried in oil instead. We came across this bag of vegan boortsog near Khovsgul Lake.

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Accidentally vegan boortsog

Boortsog are typically eaten with jam, either for breakfast or as a sweet snack. The homemade version calls for the same type of dough as piroshki, described below in the next section.

Tsuivan (Цуйван)

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Fried noodles may not be Mongolian, but they are incredibly popular there.

I left this dish for the end, because I wasn't sure if it belonged with the traditional Mongolian dishes or the not-quite-so-traditional ones.

Tsuivan is essentially fried noodles and was almost certainly borrowed from Chinese cuisine. And yet, it's become so popular in Mongolia that it's one of the most common menu items in restaurants throughout the country.

The noodles are typically stir-fried with cabbage and carrots, and meat if desired. When Ulzii made it for us, she often added other veggies like potatoes and spinach, but that's not the norm.

Tsuivan without meat is one of a trio of vegan/vegetarian dishes that are commonly available in mainstream restaurants and tourist ger camps in Mongolia.

On the few occasions when Ulzii didn't cook for us and we ate in restaurants instead, this was usually what we ordered. The other two common veggie dishes are pasta with tomato sauce and veggie fried rice.

If you're traveling independently and self-catering (not an easy feat in Mongolia), here are some vegan meals you can cook on a camp stove or backpacking stove.

Not Quite Traditional But Very Common Mongolian Dishes

Like tsuivan, these dishes did not originate in Mongolia, but over time they have become Mongolian staples. Some, like neeslel salat, are now an integral part of Mongolian traditions and customs.

Budaatai Khuurga (Будаатай Хуурга)

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Fried rice is one of the easiest dishes to veganize in Mongolia.

We talked about Budaatai Shul earlier, which is rice soup, so you might have figured out that budaatai means "rice" in Mongolian.

Budaatai khuurga is fried rice, and, like fried noodles (tsuivan), it is very common. Rice doesn't grow in Mongolia, so it can't really be called traditional, but budaatai khuurga is a dish that Mongolians have adopted wholeheartedly.

It's easy to order it vegan in any restaurant just by leaving off the meat. The spruced up version pictured here, with veggies, plant-based meat and a mix of white and purple rice, is from the Loving Hut on Peace Avenue in Ulaanbaatar.

By the way, there are at least half a dozen branches of Loving Hut in the Mongolian capital! Supreme Master Ching Hai, the spiritual leader who started the international restaurant chain and who advocates for veganism, has a strong following in Mongolia.

In fact, even the other vegan restaurants in town, like Agnista and Bosco Verde, are also run by Ching Hai followers.

Baitsatai Khuurga (Байцаатай Хуурга)

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Cabbage is one of the few vegetables that grow in Mongolia.

Whereas budaatai khuurga means "fried rice", baitsatai khuurga means "fried cabbage". Cabbage is one of the few vegetables that grows fairly easily in Mongolia's harsh climate, which perhaps explains its popularity.

The other common vegetables are carrots, potatoes and onions. Anything else would be considered pretty exotic here and would probably not be available outside of Ulaanbaatar.

Fried cabbage is usually eaten with rice or bread, but my favorite way to eat it is with gambir.

Neeslel Salat (Нийслэл Салат)

(Video) What They Eat in Mongolia

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Homemade potato salad, complete with vegan mayo!

The name of this dish translates as "capital city salad", so I suppose it's associated with Ulaanbaatar, although I first tasted it at the house of a local family in the town of Mörön.

In any case, it's just a fancy name for potato salad, and I was told that in the past five years people have started calling it "potato salad" instead of "neeslel salad".

This dish is always eaten, together with buuz, at the White Moon Festival. Similar to the Spring Festival in China, this is one of the most important holidays in Mongolia and is focused on eating and socializing with friends and family.

Of course, the usual version is made with egg-based mayonnaise, but the vegan family in Mörön who invited us to dinner at their home made their own vegan mayo from scratch.

I've also seen a vegan version of neeslel salat served at Luna Blanca as a lunch special.

Piroshki (пирошки)

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These fried pasties are a perennial favorite among students in Mongolia.

If you've ever been to Russia, you're probably familiar with the fried dough pockets known as пирожки. In Mongolia, the name is spelled slightly differently, but the concept is the same.

These greasy, cheap and filling snacks are very popular with Mongolian students. As our guide Ulzii told us, if a café doesn't serve piroshki, it's not a student café.

Of course, in Mongolia they are usually filled with meat, but Ulzii made us some absolutely delicious ones filled wiith potatoes, cabbage, carrots, bell peppers and onions.

It was one of the best things we ate on the whole trip!

For my top tips on what to eat in Russia and much more, see my article on things you need to know about Russia.

Borscht (Борщ)

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Just like in Russia, but with more veggies!

Another classic Russian favorite, Mongolians have adapted this beet soup and made it their own.

Oddly enough, the main difference is that the Mongolian version contains more veggies! Not what you would expect from this meat-obsessed country.

The additional vegetables make it more like a thick stew than a soup, and it also has less of a sour taste than the Russian version.

Ungar Goulash (Унгар Гульяш)

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Hungarian goulash - a throwback to Soviet times

Whereas most of the not-quite-traditional dishes in this list have been adapted from Russian or Chinese cuisine, this one comes from Hungary.

Hungarian goulash is known and loved around the world, and it has even made it all the way to Mongolia. It was first introduced during the Soviet era and has remained popular ever since.

For a vegan version made with plant-based meat and served over purple rice, head to the Loving Hut on Peace Avenue.

Shorlog (Шорлог)

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This plant-based fatty mutton was frighteningly realistic!

Vegetables and meat chunks (in this case soy meat) are pierced onto skewers and grilled. I tried this at a vegan restaurant called Bosco Verde, and the soy meat they used really recreated the fatty taste and mouthfeel of mutton.

It was a bit too realistic for me, but I can imagine how Mongolians who grew up eating mutton every day would love it.

This is originally a Russian dish, but it's very popular in Mongolia in summer time. In fact, the locals sometimes call it Mongolian barbecue.

(Video) Mongolia’s Forbidden Meat!! Vegans will be horrified!!

By the way, have you ever seen those so-called Mongolian BBQ restaurants in the United States? The ones where you pick out the meat and vegetables and it all gets cooked on a big grill?

Yeah, that's not really Mongolian. These American restaurants often claim that, in the days of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan and his soldiers would cook meat on their overturned shields, skewering it with their swords.

While it makes for a nice story, there's no evidence to back it up, and you won't find any restaurants like this in Mongolia.

Naashaa Tsaashaa (Наашаа Цаашаа)

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Naashaa Tsaashaa - say that three times fast!

I'm not sure how common this dish is in Mongolia, so maybe including it here is a bit of a stretch. But I love the name so much that I just couldn't leave it out.

Not only is "naashaa tsaashaa" fun to say in Mongolian, it translates into English as "come here, go away", which is kind of hilarious.

I tasted it at Agnista in Ulaanbaatar, where it was served up as a stir-fry of tofu, soy meat and vegetables over buckwheat.

From what I understand, "naashaa tsaashaa" is actually the name of this particular brand of soy meat, which is produced locally in Mongolia.

The dish as a whole is not really very traditional, although buckwheat is one of the more common grains eaten in the country. Another Russian import, it's referred to in Mongolia as "triangle rice".

Yeven (Еэвэн)

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Yeven, known in China as moon cakes or 月饼

In Mongolia, yeven are thought of as Chinese pastries, and they come in many different shapes and sizes.

Some of them I instantly recognized as the moon cakes eaten in China during the Mid-Autumn Festival. Others, I would not have identified as Chinese.

On the outside, they are decorated with intricate shapes and sometimes bright colors, and on the inside they are filled with a mix of brown sugar, raisins and split yellow peas.

Mongolian Drinks

The most famous, or rather, infamous, drinks in Mongolia are fermented mare's milk (airag) and yak butter tea.

Since they aren't vegan, I didn't try either of these, but I've heard tales from plenty of travelers who did and wished they hadn't.

Luckily, there are some lesser known traditional Mongolian drinks that are much more palatable.

Raisin Juice (узэмний шуус)

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Apparently juice is in fashion

I came across this by chance at a roadside restaurant called Tsuivan House where we stopped on our way to Tsagaan Suvraga (White Stupa).

Instead of making grape juice by squeezing the fresh grapes, this juice is made with dried grapes in the form of raisins. In fact, there were several whole raisins in the bottom of the glass.

It had a light flavor and made for a refreshing, cool drink.

Sea Buckthorn Juice (Чацаргана)

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Sea buckthorn juice can be drunk hot or cold

Sea buckthorn is a small, orange berry that grows wild in Mongolia and is made into all sorts of things. During our stay we sampled some delicious vegan sea buckthorn cookies, and even some sea buckthorn wine!

By far the most common sea buckthorn product, though, is juice. You'll see it on restaurant menus and also on grocery store shelves. It comes in concentrated form, like a cordial, and can be diluted with either hot or cold water.

Sea buckthorn is very nutritious and is starting to be discovered by the West as a superfood. Hot sea buckthorn juice became my favorite drink while I was in Mongolia. Other berries are often made into hot drinks too, like cranberry (аньс) and blueberry (нерс).

As you can see, there's a lot more to Mongolian food than just mutton. And as a vegan or vegetarian, you don't have to miss out on traditional Mongolian foods!

To fully explore Mongolian cuisine in a plant-based version, I recommend booking a tour with Ulzii of Vegan Travel Mongolia (not sponsored).

Other companies may claim that they can offer veggie meals, but with them you will most likely be eating fried noodles and fried rice every day.

With Vegan Travel Mongolia, you will actually have an enjoyable culinary experience. And that's something not many visitors to Mongolia can say, whether they are veggie or not!

(Video) vegan mongolian stir fry | easy + healthy

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Can you be vegan in Mongolia? ›

But these days, many Mongolians are changing their eating habits and expanding the limits of Mongolian cuisine. And yes, it's absolutely possible to travel to Mongolia as a vegan. You can even enjoy lots of traditional Mongolian dishes in vegan versions!

Which country is considered the most vegan country in the world *? ›

Compared to all the countries in the world, the UK has the most vegans. Recent statistics show that the popularity of veganism is growing in the UK.

Which country eats the most vegan food? ›

India is thought to have the most vegetarians globally, with up to 42% of the population avoiding meat products.

What is Mongolia diet? ›

Traditional Mongolian meals are hearty, highly calorific and heavily meat and dairy-based. Animals (mutton, beef and goat) are the main source of sustenance for Mongolians, so meat, fat, milk, cheese and cream feature highly in dishes.

Can Mongolians digest dairy? ›

"If you can milk it, they do in Mongolia," Warinner says. And yet 95% of those people are lactose intolerant. Warinner wondered whether dairying was a recent development in Mongolia or whether early Mongolians had lactase persistence and then lost it in a population turnover.

Which countries is it easiest to be vegan? ›

Best vegan-friendly countries in the world in 2022
  • INDIA. Undoubtedly the vegetarian capital of the world, the urban Indian population is quickly accepting veganism as a way of life. ...
  • United States of America (USA): ...
  • United Kingdom (UK): ...
  • Poland: ...
  • THAILAND: ...
  • Taiwan: ...
  • Germany: ...
  • Israel:

What country is the hardest to be vegan? ›

China. This is one of those countries where you will find animal products in almost every dish. They commonly use lard in almost every dish and even chips are not safe for vegetarians.

What ethnicity are most vegans? ›

Black Americans are almost three times as likely to be vegan and vegetarian than other Americans. Why is giving up meat so popular?

What cultures are fully vegan? ›

Plant-based eating is deeply rooted in three of the prominent religions practiced in India – Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. All these religions believe in the concept of Ahimsa, which means kindness and non-violence towards all living things.

Which US city has the most vegans? ›

America's most vegan-friendly city

Portland is well-known for its plant-based food scene, including various all-vegan carts scattered around the city with options ranging from budget-friendly falafel to high-end gourmet fare.

Who was the first vegan ever? ›

In 1806, at the age of 41, Dr. William Lambe adopted an exclusively plant-based diet as a result of health problems. At the time, it was common for people following a “vegetable diet” to consume dairy products, but Dr. Lambe rejected these products as well, making him one of the first “vegans” as we know it today.

Is most Japanese food vegan? ›

Japanese food can be delicious and wholesome for both vegans and vegetarians. Rice and vegan-friendly noodles make up the base of most dishes. Tofu is available in a staggering variety of shapes and textures. Miso, a seasoning made of fermented soybeans and koji (a fungus) is in many dishes.

Do Mongolians eat a lot of dairy? ›

(Mongolia offers a stark example: Consumption of dairy products in Mongolia remains extraordinarily high, despite the fact that 95 percent of Mongolians are lactose intolerant.) Milk continues to be an incredibly fraught food, a lightning rod for discussions around nutrition and health.

How to eat healthy in Mongolia? ›

Consume milk and milk products every day. Keep total fat intake below 30% of calories, and limit fats coming from animal sources. Choose and prepare foods and beverages with little added sugar and salt. Limit alcoholic beverages.

Is Mongolia self sufficient in food? ›

Over the past five years Mongolia's food security situation has improved dramatically. Current estimates put the country's overall food self-sufficiency – a measure of the extent to which the nation can meet domestic demand for food – at 50-60%, which is up considerably on previous years.

What milk do Mongolians drink? ›

Travel Guide. Airag is considered by most Mongolians to be the national beverage of the country. Many visitors may have heard of Airag before either as kumis or as what the drink is; fermented mares milk.

Are Mongolians healthy? ›

Recent analysis of the Global Dietary Database shows that Mongolia scored lower than any other country in both 1990 and 2017 in the Alternative Healthy Eating Index [4].

Do Mongolians eat yogurt? ›

Using yogurt is beneficial in daily life in Mongolia not only because it is a dairy product, but also because it helps protect the throat from illnesses. How? We lick leftover yogurt until the bowl is clean, which is actually an excellent throat exercise.

What city is the least vegan? ›

In the United States, Seattle ranks as worst place to be vegan, followed by Milwaukee, Mesa, and Baltimore. Oslo ranks as the second worst city globally for vegans, and the worst place in Europe. New York is the most expensive place for those cooking a plant-based diet.

Who is most likely to be vegan? ›

Vegan Demographics

I suspect that many people think that most vegans are in their 20's and 30's. According to this research, those young adults only account for about half of all vegans. What is less surprising is that 74% — almost three-in-four vegans — are female.

What is the biggest vegan society? ›

The biggest vegetarian organizations are the International Vegetarian Union (IVU) and Vegan World Alliance (VWA), which act as a connecting umbrella organization.

Which state has the most vegan? ›

Hawaii, Oregon, and New York are the most vegan-obsessed states in America.

Is the world becoming more vegan? ›

Vegan Stats: Global Demand Increases for Plant-Based Foods

This means that plant-based meat and dairy alternatives are already making up nearly 8% of the so-called global “protein foods” market. And according to the Bloomberg Intelligence Report, plant-based food sales are expected to increase fivefold by 2030.

Why are so many Mexicans vegan? ›

Honoring Latino heritage

Before the Spaniards arrived, bringing meat and dairy from domesticated cattle, pigs, chicken, goats and sheep, Mexico's indigenous population ate a primarily plant-based diet.

What gender are most vegans? ›

Feminists have long linked oppressive gender dynamics to industrialized animal agriculture, noting that female animals and their reproductive organs are exploited for profit, under intensely inhumane conditions. In fact, 79 percent of vegans are women.

How many Black Americans are vegan? ›

Research has found that about 8% of Black Americans are vegan or vegetarian, compared to only about 3% of other Americans.

Can Chinese people be vegan? ›

There is a common misconception that it is impossible to eat vegan in China. However, this couldn't be further from the truth. The long history of Buddhism in the country means there are plenty of vegetarian and vegan Buddhist restaurant options, particularly in major cities.

Are Muslims vegan? ›

Can a Muslim be a vegetarian? In a word, yes. If a Muslim decides to become a vegetarian for personal reasons, such as not liking the taste, or having compassion for animals, with the understanding that only Allah (SWT) can prohibit or permit it, then vegetarianism and veganism sit comfortably within Islam.

Are many Japanese people vegan? ›

2.1% of the Japanese population are vegan.

What is the vegan capital of America? ›

#1 Portland, Oregon

It comes as no surprise that Portland is high on the top 100 list, but it actually ranked first overall for the most vegan-friendly city!

What is the capital of vegan? ›

But today, the city of Tel Aviv proudly stands and says that they are not meat eaters but saviours. There are more than 400 vegan/vegan-friendly restaurants dotted across the city which serves more than 200,000 vegans living in the whole country.

Who went to jail from vegan? ›

Melngailis was found guilty of fraud and sentenced to four months in jail. According to The New York Times, Melngailis pled guilty to stealing over $200,000 from an investor. She also pled guilty to grand larceny, conspiring to defraud, and criminal tax fraud.

Were humans meant to be vegan? ›

Although many humans choose to eat both plants and meat, earning us the dubious title of “omnivore,” we're anatomically herbivorous. The good news is that if you want to eat like our ancestors, you still can: Nuts, vegetables, fruit, and legumes are the basis of a healthy vegan lifestyle.

Was Einstein a vegan? ›

Einstein was a vegetarian during the last year of his life, although he had supported the idea for a long time. In a letter to Max Kariel he said, "I have always eaten animal flesh with a somewhat guilty conscience," and soon after became a vegetarian.

Is most sushi vegan? ›

People often ask: is sushi vegan? Unfortunately, sushi typically contains either fish or roe. But vegan sushi is nevertheless widely available in groceries and at restaurants. It's also easy to make at home.

How many Asians are vegan? ›

From our experience, vegetarians from India often have a hard time giving up dairy which is a part of their culture, so it makes sense that vegan was such a small percentage of Asian vegetarians (6% vegetarians including vegans – with less than 1% vegan.)

How many Chinese are vegan? ›

CountryVegetarians (% of population)Vegans (% of population)
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Are Mongolians heavy drinkers? ›

In Mongolia, approximately 30% of women and 50% of men are current drinkers, and most believe that heavy episodic drinking is common in Mongolia4.

Do Mongols eat eggs? ›

Meat is the main recipe for lunch and dinner. In general traditional Mongolian cuisine contain more meat. A typical Tourist ger camp meal consists of tea, coffee, bread, jam, butter, eggs and sausage for breakfast. There are some cookies, cheese, cereals, pancakes and more served at some of the ger camps for breakfast.

What is the most consumed meat in Mongolia? ›

Mutton is the most commonly used meat all the year around. Mongolian sheep eat 80 species of plants.

What is the healthiest ethnic diet? ›

The Mediterranean Diet has long been touted as one of the world's healthiest diets. It follows the eating habits of Greece and Southern Italy, and has been shown to lower the risk of heart disease and early death.

Why do Mongolians eat boiled meat? ›

Because the Mongols cooked over dung fires, they usually boiled meat rather than roasting or frying it. When on the move, the Mongols often cooked an animal in its own skin by stuffing it with heated rocks. Genghis Khan and his men once avoided starvation by killing a wild horse and cooking it in its hide.

What is white food in Mongolia? ›

Over the years, Mongolian nomads have developed a number of unique dairy products “white food” (tsagaan idee), which include different types of yoghurt (tarag, aarts), cottage cheesem (byaslag), dried curds(aarul ), and fermented mare's milk (airag).

Can a vegetarian survive in Mongolia? ›

If you are a vegan or a vegetarian it is not going to be easy because Mongolians love their meats and most staple Mongolian dishes are heavy in animal products, but it does not mean that surviving as a vegetarian or vegan is impossible, because due to modern-day lifestyles there is a growing number of Mongolians who ...

Why is Mongolia life expectancy so low? ›

High consumption of tobacco and alcohol by men, resulting in diseases such as lung and liver cancer and cardiovascular problems, is said to be the main reason Mongolian men have a shorter lifespan than women on average.

What countries Cannot produce enough food to feed themselves? ›

They include Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Algeria, Somalia, Lesotho, Haiti, and much of the Middle East. Some of these countries have resources they can trade for food; others do not.

Are Tibetan people vegan? ›

Vegetarianism is encouraged, but it is not considered essential. Basically, Buddhism discourages dogmatism and extremism in all forms, so those who choose to exclude meat from their diets are discouraged from attaching too closely to this as an identity.

Do Muslims go vegan? ›

In a word, yes. If a Muslim decides to become a vegetarian for personal reasons, such as not liking the taste, or having compassion for animals, with the understanding that only Allah (SWT) can prohibit or permit it, then vegetarianism and veganism sit comfortably within Islam.

Are Islamic people vegan? ›

"If the question is, is a Muslim doing something wrong and against their religion if they choose to only eat a plant-based diet? The answer is simply, not at all," he tells me. "The requirement in Islam is that what you eat must be halal and tayyub (Arabic for wholesome and pure). A vegan diet is both of those things."

Where is it hardest to be vegetarian? ›

China. This is one of those countries where you will find animal products in almost every dish. They commonly use lard in almost every dish and even chips are not safe for vegetarians.

Which country has healthiest vegetarian food? ›

Israel is considered one of the best sustainable countries in the world. The mix of the traditional Mediterranean diet and the strict dietary laws of Kosher food has made them get away from meat, dairy, and parve products. You can find fish gelatin and honey in their food, but it is much easier to follow veganism here.

Which culture is the most vegan? ›

Ethiopian and Eritrean cuisine

The cuisine of Eritrea and Ethiopia is full of naturally plant-based dishes. This is largely due to the fasting tradition in the Orthodox Christian religion. Orthodox Christians abstain from all animal products for around 200 days each year, but plant-based foods are still permitted.

Are any Native Americans vegan? ›

“The Indians of yesterday were true conservationists,” says Linda Fisher, a Native American vegan from the Ojibwe and Cherokee nations. “They understood the inherent dangers of overtaxing the earth and her creatures.

What does Allah say about veganism? ›

Responding to the question on what Islam says about vegetarianism, the Islam Online Archive said: “So, Muslims are not vegetarians. However, if someone prefers to eat vegetables, then he is allowed to do so. Allah has given us permission to eat meat of slaughtered animals, but He has not made it obligatory upon us.

Why are Jews vegan? ›

According to some, vegetarianism is consistent with the sacred teachings and highest ideals of Judaism, including compassion, health, life, conservation of resources, tzedakah, kashrut, peace, and justice.

Are Christians meant to be vegan? ›

Most Christians maintain that Jesus's teaching in Mark 7 demonstrates that Christians can eat whatever they want, that dietary choices are a matter of "Christian liberty", and that therefore vegetarianism or veganism could never be obligatory for Christians.

What happens if the whole world is vegan? ›

If the world went vegan, we would have an abundance of animal-destined food crops to feed the hungry and growing populations. With animals not occupying as much land, we would also be able to grow and reclaim pasture land for crop growth and cultivation.

Why do Christians go vegan? ›

A Christian vision of delighting in God's world and living responsibly among the fellow creatures God loves will be an inspiration to many Christians either to adopt a vegan diet, or to move in that direction by reducing their consumption of animal products and seeking out animal products raised to higher welfare ...


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